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Roughly 1 in 8 couples today struggle with infertility issues. For about 1/3 of these cases, the primary cause of trouble conceiving lies with the female partner. What are some of the most prevalent diagnoses impacting a woman’s fertility, and what can be done?
Failing to ovulate prevents an egg from being available for fertilization. Common types of ovulation disorders include:
Treatments like fertility drugs, weight loss, or supplements can often regulate ovulation in these cases. Surrogacy or egg donation may assist when ovarian function is poor.
Uterine or Endometrial Conditions
Structural abnormalities or growths in the uterus can affect implantation or embryo development:
Depending on severity, uterine issues may be treated surgically or via IVF and assisted implantation techniques.
When uterine tissue grows outside the uterus, it can cause inflammation, pain, and fertility problems. Endometriosis impacts up to 10% of women. Removing lesions surgically and IVF assistance may be warranted.
Tubal Factor Infertility
Blocked, scarred, or damaged fallopian tubes prevent the egg and sperm from uniting. This accounts for about 25-35% of female infertility cases. Causes include:
Options include surgically opening blocked tubes, IVF to bypass the tubes, or surgical procedures to remove damaged tubes.
In around 8-12% of infertility cases, no identifiable cause is found after comprehensive testing and analysis. The woman ovulates normally and has no structural issues, yet conception fails repeatedly. Continued attempts or IVF treatments may eventually succeed in these unexplained scenarios.
While female-factor infertility has numerous possible causes, the good news is that advanced treatments and assisted reproductive technologies now offer more options for achieving pregnancy regardless of diagnosis. Working with a fertility specialist helps navigate the best path for your unique situation. There is hope!